THE JOURNAL OF ROMAN STUDIES 94 2004

(journal to be published in November 2004 and despatched in December)

CONTENTS

ARTICLES

Walter Scheidel:  Human Mobility in Roman Italy I: The Free Population, 1-26

Tobias Reinhardt:  Readers in the Underworld: Lucretius, De Rerum Natura 3.912-1075, 27-46

Ingo Gildenhard and Andrew Zissos:  Ovid's 'Hecale': Deconstructing Athens in the Metamorphoses, 47-72

Judith S. McKenzie, Sheila Gibson† and A.T. Reyes:  Reconstructing the Serapeum in Alexandria from the Archaeological Evidence, 73-121

          [Appendix. Günter Grimm and Judith S. McKenzie:  Architectural Fragments Found in the Excavations of the Serapeum in Alexandria in c. 1900, 115-21]

Matthew Leigh:  Quintilian on the Emotions (Institutio Oratoria 6 preface and 1-2), 122-40

Gavin Kelly:  Ammianus and the Great Tsunami, 141-67

Edward Watts:  Justinian, Malalas, and the End of Athenian Philosophical Teaching in A.D. 529, 168-82

 

REVIEW ARTICLE

Kai Brodersen:  Mapping (in) the Ancient World (reviews L. Haselberger et al., Mapping Augustan Rome;E. Rodríguez-Almeida, Formae Urbis Antiquae. Le Mappe Marmoree di Roma tra la Repubblica e Settimio Severo; R. J. A. Talbert (Ed.), Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World), 183-90

 

REVIEWS (in alphabetical order)

Alexander, M. C., The Case for the Prosecution in the Ciceronian Era (by J. Harries), 237-8

Allison, P. M., and F. B. Sear, Casa della Caccia Antica (VII 4, 48) (by R. Laurence), 258-9

Anderson, W. S. (Ed.), Why Horace? A Collection of Interpretations (by D. Spencer), 248

Arthur, P., Naples from Roman Town to City-State: an Archaeological Perspective (by R. Laurence), 278-9

Aubert, J.-J., and B. Sirks (Eds), Speculum Iuris: Roman Law as a Reflection of Social and Economic Life in Antiquity (by N. Morley), 201-2

Baier, T. (Ed.), Studien zu Plautus' Amphitruo (by B. Dunsch), 232-3

Bartlett, J. R. (Ed.), Jews in the Hellenistic and Roman Cities (by S. Gambetti), 216-17

Bottini, A., and E. Setari, La Necropoli italica di Braida di Vaglio in Basilicata. Materiali dallo scavo del 1994 (byE. Isayev), 230-1

Bowman, A. K., H. M. Cotton, M. Goodman and S. Price (Eds), Representations of Empire: Rome and the Mediterranean World (by L. Bligh), 262-3

Bremmer, J. N., The Rise and Fall of the Afterlife. The 1995 Read-Tuckwell Lecture at the University of Bristol (by W. Liebeschuetz), 208

Byron, G. L., Symbolic Blackness and Ethnic Difference in Early Christian Literature (by C. Johnson Hodge), 218-19

Cairns, F., and E. Fantham (Eds), Caesar Against Liberty? Perspectives on his Autocracy (by A. G. Thein), 239

Cameron, A., B. Ward-Perkins and M. Whitby (Eds), The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 14, Late Antiquity: Empire and Successors, A.D. 425–600 (by M. Maas), 273-4

Cappelletti, L., Lucani e Brettii, richerche sulla storia politica e istituzionale di due popoli dell'Italia antica (V–III sec. A.C.) (by A. Poulter), 229-30

Cecamore, C., Palatium. Topografia storica del Palatino tra III sec. A.C. e I sec. D.C. (byA. Clark), 210-11

Clark, G., and T. Rajak (Eds), Philosophy and Power in the Graeco-Roman World: Essays in Honour of Miriam Griffin (by C. E. W. Steel), 192-3

Coffta, D. J., The Influence of Callimachean Aesthetics on the Satires and Odes of Horace (by J. S. C. Eidinow), 243-4

Cohn-Sherbok, D., and J. M. Court (Eds), Religious Diversity in the Graeco-Roman World: a Survey of Recent Scholarship (byP. T. Struck), 214-16

Cokayne, K., Experiencing Old Age in Ancient Rome (byM. Harlow), 196-7

Comella, A., Il Santuario di Punta della Vipera. Santa Marinella comune di Civitavecchia. I. I materiali votivi. Corpus delle stipi votive in Italia XIII, Regio VII, 6 (by C. Roth-Murray), 226-7

Cooley, A. E. (Ed.), The Epigraphic Landscape of Roman Italy (by C. Bruun), 199-200

Corbier, M. (Ed.), Adoption et fosterage (by B. D. Shaw), 194-6

Corey Brennan, T., The Praetorship in the Roman Republic (by N. Rosenstein), 234-5

Cuvigny, H. (Ed.), La Route de Myos Hormos. L'armée romaine dans le desert oriental d'Égypte (by C. Adams), 213-14

Damon, C., Tacitus: Histories 1 (byH. Haynes), 254-5

David, J.-M. (Ed.), Valeurs et mémoire à Rome: Valère Maxime ou la vertu recomposée (byR. Langlands), 253-4

Dignas, B., Economy of the Sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor (by A. Erskine), 263-4

Eilers, C., Roman Patrons of Greek Cities (by A. Zuiderhoek), 264-6

Erdkamp, P. (Ed.), The Roman Army and the Economy (by C. Adams), 212-13

Evans Grubbs, J., Women and the Law in the Roman Empire: a Sourcebook on Marriage, Divorce and Widowhood (by M. Harlow), 269

Faller, S. (Ed.), Studien zu Plautus' Persa (byB. Dunsch), 232-3

Fögen, M. T., Römische Rechtsgeschichten. Über Ursprung und Evolution eines sozialen Systems (by A. Coşkun), 228-9

Fowler, D., Lucretius on Atomic Motion: a Commentary on De Rerum Natura Book Two, Lines 1–332 (by D. Wray), 238-9

Gazda, E. K. (Ed.), The Villa of the Mysteries at Pompeii: Ancient Ritual, Modern Muse (by R. Westgate), 259-60

Gentili, G. V., Verucchio Villanoviana. Il sepolcreto in località Le Pegge e la necropoli al piede della Rocca Malatestiana (by C. Roth-Murray), 226-7

Giardina, A., L'Italia Romana. Storie di un'identità incompiuta (byK. Lomas),205

Gibson, R. K., and C. S. Kraus (Eds), The Classical Commentary: Histories, Practices, Theory (by J. E. G. Zetzel), 205-7

Gibson, R. K., Ovid: Ars Amatoria, Book 3 (by K. Volk), 250

Gunderson, E., Declamation, Paternity, and Roman Identity. Authority and the Rhetorical Self (by A. Corbeill), 207-8

Hägg, T., and P. Rousseau, Greek Biography and Panegyric in Late Antiquity (by S. Johnson), 274-5

Helzle, M. (Ed.), Ovids Epistulae ex Ponto Buch I–II: Kommentar (by B. W. Boyd), 251-2

Holliday, P. J., The Origins of Roman Historical Commemoration in the Visual Arts (by S. Hales), 227-8

Honoré, T., Ulpian. Pioneer of Human Rights (byR. W. Mathisen), 279-80

Hope, V. M., and E. Marshall (Eds), Death and Disease in the Ancient City (by M. Becker), 197-8

Horsfall, N., The Culture of the Roman Plebs (by S. M. Goldberg), 202-3

James, S. L., Learned Girls and Male Persuasion: Gender and Reading in Roman Love Elegy (by R. Armstrong), 240-1

Janowitz, N., Magic in the Roman World: Pagans, Jews, and Christians, Religion in the First Christian Centuries (by I. Sandwell), 217

Kaizer, T., The Religious Life of Palmyra: a Study of the Social Patterns of Worship in the Roman Period (by J. B. Rives), 269-70

Kofler, W., Aeneas und Vergil: Untersuchungen zur poetologischen Dimension der Aeneis (byS. Casali), 241-2

La Regina, A., Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae Suburbium. Volume Primo A–B (by A. Clark), 211-12

Laederich, P., Les Limites de l'empire. Les stratégies de l'impérialisme romain dans l'oeuvre de Tacite (by C. Ando), 255-6

Langner, M., Antike Graffitizeichnungen. Motive, Gestaltung und Bedeutung (by A. E. Cooley), 198-9

Lomas, K., and T. Cornell (Eds), 'Bread and Circuses': Euergetism and Municipal Patronage in Roman Italy (by A. Zuiderhoek), 203-5

MacGeorge, P., Late Roman Warlords (by M. Whitby), 277-8

Mango, C., and R. Scott (Eds), The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor. Byzantine and Near Eastern History AD 284–813 (by F. R. Trombley), 278

Mathisen, R. W., People, Personal Expression, and Social Relations in Late Antiquity (by P. Rousseau), 276-7

Mayer, R., Seneca, Phaedra (byC. Littlewood), 253

McCall, J. B., The Cavalry of the Roman Republic: Cavalry Combat and Elite Reputations in the Middle and Late Republic (by P. Sabin), 235-6

McNeill, R. L. B., Horace: Image, Identity and Audience (by S. J. Harrison), 246-8

Meyer-Zwiffelhoffer, E., POLITIKWS ARCEIN. Zum Regierungsstil der senatorischen Statthalter in den kaiserzeitlichen griechischen Provinzen (by A. Jördens), 267-9

Michetti, L. M., Le ceramiche argentate e a rilievo in Etruria nella prima età ellenistica (byR. Roth), 225-6

Naas, V., Le Projet encyclopédique de Pline l'ancien (by M. Beagon), 256-7

Newlands, C. E., Statius' Silvae and the Poetics of Empire (by E. Spentzou), 257-8

Niehl, R., Vergils Vergil: Selbstzitat und Selbstdeutung in der Aeneis: ein Kommentar und Interpretationen (by S. Casali), 241-2

Oniga, R. (Ed.), Il Plurilinguismo nella tradizione letteraria latina (byM. Leiwo), 200-1

Orth, B., Lehrkunst im frühen Christentum. Die Bildungsdimension didaktischer Prinzipien in der hellenistisch-römischen Literatur und im lukanischen Doppelwerk (by K. Vössing), 217-18

Painter, K. S., The Insula of the Menander at Pompeii. Volume IV: the Silver Treasure (by D. Bellingham), 260-1

Parkin, T. G., Old Age in the Roman World. A Cultural and Social History (by M. Harlow), 196-7

Pocock, J. G. A., Barbarism and Religion. Vol. 3: the First Decline and Fall (by C. Ando), 219-21

Prescendi, F., Frühzeit und Gegenwart. Eine Studie zur Auffassung und Gestaltung der Vergangenheit in Ovids Fastorum Libri (by L. Galasso), 249

Questa, C., and R. Raffaelli (Eds), Due seminari plautini: la tradizione del testo – i modelli (by B. Dunsch), 234

Rawson, B., Children and Childhood in Roman Italy (by A. Karanika), 193-4

Regter, W., Imitation and Creation: Development of Early Bucchero Design at Cerveteri in the Seventh Century B.C. (by J. A. Becker), 223-4

Ridgway, D., F. R. Serra Ridgway, M. Pearce, E. Herring, R. D. Whitehouse, and J. B. Wilkins, Ancient Italy in its Mediterranean Setting. Studies in Honour of Ellen Macnamara (by R. Laurence), 223

Rivière, Y., Les Délateurs sous l'empire romain (by S. H. Rutledge), 266-7

Rutledge, S. H., Imperial Inquisitions. Prosecutors and Informants from Tiberius to Domitian (byC. S. Kraus), 270-1

Sartre-Fauriat, A., Des Tombeaux et des morts. Monuments funéraires, société et culture en Syrie du sud du Ier s. av. J-C. au VIIe s. apr. J-C. Volume I: Catalogue des monuments funéraires, des sarcophages et des bustes; Volume II: Synthèse (by G. Davies), 261-2

Schindler, C., Untersuchungen zu den Gleichnissen im römischen Lehrgedicht: Lucrez, Vergil, Manilius (by G. Campbell), 209-10

Schmidt, E. A., Augusteische Literatur, System in Bewegung (by M. Dinter), 242-3

Selinger, R., The Mid-Third Century Persecutions of Decius and Valerian (by C. Sogno), 272-3

Sfameni Gasparro, G., Oracoli profeti sibille: Rivelazione e salvezza nel mondo antico (by T. Kaizer), 208-9

Spentzou, E., Readers and Writers in Ovid's 'Heroides': Transgressions of Genre and Gender (by P. A. Miller), 250-1

Sutherland, E.H., Horace's Well-Trained Reader. Towards a Methodology of Audience Participation in the Odes (by S. J. Harrison), 246-8

Tarpin, M., Vici et pagi dans l'occident romain (byM. Peachin), 271-2

Tylawsky, E. I., Saturio's Inheritance: the Greek Ancestry of the Roman Comic Parasite (byC. Panayotakis), 231-2

Volk, K., The Poetics of Latin Didactic: Lucretius, Vergil, Ovid, Manilius (byG. Campbell), 209-10

Welwei, K.-W., Sub Corona Vendere: Quellenkritische Studien zu Kriegsgefangenschaft und Sklaverei in Rom bis zum Ende des Hannibalkrieges (by T. Urbainczyk), 236-7

West, D., Horace Odes III: Dulce Periculum. Text, Translation and Commentary (byJ. S. C. Eidinow), 243-4

Wiseman, T. P. (Ed.), Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome (byC. Martindale), 191-2

Woodman, T., and D. Feeney (Eds), Traditions and Contexts in the Poetry of Horace (by A. Cucchiarelli), 244-6

Wyke, M., Projecting the Past: Ancient Rome, Cinema and History (by E. Hall), 221-2


JRS 2004 ABSTRACTS

Walter Scheidel:  Human Mobility in Roman Italy I: The Free Population

 

The first instalment of a two-part study, this paper presents a comprehensive quantitative model of population transfers within, to, and from Italy, from the late fourth century B.C. to the first century A.D. It assesses the size of the Italian population, changes in the pace of migration, and the scale of colonization programmes and urbanization, and explores the nexus between human mobility and Roman state formation and identity. (Next year's sequel deals with the size and mobility of the Italian slave population.)

 

Tobias Reinhardt:  Readers in the Underworld: Lucretius De Rerum Natura 3.912-1075

 

This study argues for two connected conclusions. The first is that one can plausibly read lines 912-1075 of Lucretius' De rerum natura as a symbolic katabasis undertaken by the reader (which stands in an obvious tension to the surface meaning of the text). The second is that the Underworld thus constructed has a more specific model – the end myth in Plato's Gorgias – and that Lucretius engages with this model by showing that a particular conception of pleasure, in evidence in both texts, is to be adopted for reasons different from those suggested by Plato's dialogue.

 

Ingo Gildenhard and Andrew Zissos:  Ovid's 'Hecale': Deconstructing Athens in the Metamorphoses

 

This paper examines the narratives in the second half of Metamorphoses 2 dealing with the legendary origins of Athens, which constitute an engagement with the Atthidographic tradition as mediated by Callimachus' Hecale. We argue that these (and various later) episodes subvert or obscure the cultural content of the Atthidography. Ovid's discourse of Attic origins is thereby subjected to 'deconstructive' pressures that result in a subtle but enduring vitiation of Athenian cultural prestige within the world-system of the Metamorphoses. The corollary to this denigration of Athens is the recurring anticipation of Roman ascendancy and the insinuation of a transcendent, all-encompassing Romanitas.

 

Judith S. McKenzie, Sheila Gibson† and A.T. Reyes:  Reconstructing the Serapeum in Alexandria from the Archaeological Evidence

 

The Serapeum or Sarapeion, which contained the Temple of Serapis, was Alexandria's most important sanctuary. A detailed analysis is made of all the records of its archaeological remains and the written sources. There is sufficient evidence from which to suggest, for the first time, reliable axonometric reconstructions of both the Ptolemaic and Roman phases of the whole complex, and to clarify its chronology. These reconstructions confirm the fourth-century A.D. descriptions. The archaeological evidence also elucidates details in the historical sources concerning the conversion of the site to Christianity after the destruction of the temple in A.D. 391.

Appendix

Günter Grimm and Judith S. McKenzie:  Architectural Fragments Found in the Excavations of the Serapeum in Alexandria in c. 1900

Architectural fragments excavated at the Serapeum in Alexandria were recorded in photographs taken by the Sieglin Expedition in 1898/9-1901. These are analysed to ascertain what they indicate about the architectural orders used on the buildings of the Serapeum complex. Although fragmentary, these pieces are striking for the consistency of the glimpses they give of the architectural style of the Ptolemaic Serapeum as 'classical' [Greek]. They include blocks of a monumental Corinthian capital of the third century B.C. Furthermore, the details of these orders are those characteristic of the distinctive style of classical architecture which developed in Ptolemaic Alexandria.

 

Matthew Leigh:  Quintilian on the Emotions (Institutio Oratoria 6 preface and 1-2)

 

This article investigates three major problems arising from the account of emotional appeal in rhetoric presented in Book 6 of the Institutio Oratoria. The first issue addressed is the place of Stoic ethics and Stoic rhetoric in the works of Quintilian and Cicero. What, in particular, are the implications of the Stoic demand that a peroration should do no more than summarize the factual arguments in the case? The second issue regards the placing of a lament for the loss of the wife and children of the orator in the proem to a book which goes on to address the role of the emotions in oratory. Does Quintilian make a textbook example of the rhetorical conquestio out of his own personal experience? If so, what does this suggest? The third problem again regards the deployment of claims to personal experience within rhetorical didaxis. Is the great secret which Quintilian claims to reveal to his readers any secret at all? Why does the personal experience claimed bear so close a resemblance to that of M. Antonius Orator in the Ciceronian De Oratore?

 

Gavin Kelly:  Ammianus and the Great Tsunami

 

This article is a close reading of Ammianus' narrative of the great earthquake and tsunami of 21 July A.D. 365 (26.1015-19). Contemporaries magnified the scale of the disaster to make it a providential response to the death of Julian the Apostate in A.D. 363. Ammianus is engaged, though at a distance, with the fantasies and providentialism found in these other, predominantly Christian, sources. The historian's autopsy, the carefully engineered closural position of the narrative, the implication of universal disaster, and intertextuality with the rest of the work combine to suggest that the tsunami acts as a representative symbol of the Res Gestae as a whole. The passage links the Roman Empire's lack of leadership after the death of Julian to the approaching disaster of Adrianople.

 

Edward Watts:  Justinian, Malalas, and the End of Athenian Philosophical Teaching in A.D. 529

 

This article analyses John Malalas' description of the closing of the Athenian philosophical school and explains how Malalas' narrative, when placed within a sixth-century A.D. Athenian context, reveals that the end of Athenian teaching resulted from local factors and not explicit imperial policy. By contrast, the flight of the former Athenian teachers to Persia is unrelated to the closure of the school and, instead, arose from later anti-pagan policies initiated by the imperial court. Included as well is a discussion of how Malalas' description of the closing is both consistent with the process for disseminating late Roman law and reflective of the textual variety that this process produced.