THE JOURNAL OF ROMAN STUDIES

VOLUME XCVI 2006

 

CONTENTS

ARTICLES

W. V. Harris:  A Revisionist View of Roman Money, 1-24

Philip Hardie:  Virgil’s Ptolemaic Relations, 25-41

Harry M. Hine:  Rome, the Cosmos, and the Emperor in Seneca’s Natural Questions, 42-72

Stanley E. Hoffer:  Divine Comedy? Accession Propaganda in Pliny, Epistles 10.1-2 and the Panegyric, 73-87

Robert Witcher:  Settlement and Society in Early Imperial Etruria, 88-123

G. D. Williams:  Greco-Roman Seismology and Seneca on Earthquakes in Natural Questions 6, 124-146

Francisco Beltrán Lloris:  An Irrigation Decree from Roman Spain: The Lex Rivi Hiberiensis, 147-197

 

REVIEW ARTICLE

R. J. A. Wilson:  What’s New in Roman Baden-Württemberg? (Archäologischen Landesmuseum Baden-Württemberg (Ed.), Imperium Romanum. Roms Provinzen an Neckar, Rhein und Donau; Badischen Landesmuseum Karlsruhe (Ed.), Imperium Romanum. Römer, Christen, Alamannen — Die Spätantike am Oberrhein; D. Planck (Ed.), Die Römer in Baden-Württemberg. Romerstatten und Museen von Aalen bis Zweifalten), 198-212

 

REVIEWS (in alphabetical order)

 

Armstrong, D., J. Fish, P. A. Johnston and M. B. Skinner (Eds), Vergil, Philodemus, and the Augustans (by P. Hardie), 253-254

Beck, H., and Walter, U., Die frühen römischen Historiker. 2. Von Coelius Antipater bis Pomponius Atticus (by S. J. Northwood), 243

Bowen, A., and P. Garnsey, Lactantius: Divine Institutes (by O. Nicholson), 307-309

Brandt, J. R., O. Steen, S. Sande and L. Hodne (Eds), Rome AD 300–800: Power and Symbol — Image and Reality (by D. Potter), 309-310

Bussi, S., Economia e demografia della schiavitù in Asia Minore ellenistico-romana (by T. Urbainczyk), 228

Butcher, K., Coinage in Roman Syria. Northern Syria, 64 BC–AD 253 (by W. E. Metcalf), 232-233

Camporeale, G. (Ed.), The Etruscans outside Etruria (by T. Rasmussen), 288-290

Cascianelli, M., La Tomba Giulimondi di Cerveteri (by C. Roth-Murray), 282-284

Cerchiai Manodori Sagredo, C., Cibi e banchetti nell’antica Roma (by C. Smith), 233

Champlin, E., Nero (by C. Connors), 230-231

Clark, G., Christianity and Roman Society (by B. Longenecker), 297-298

Cotta Ramosino, L., Plinio il Vecchio e la tradizione storica di Roma nella Naturalis Historia (by R. Ash), 261-262

Dall’Aglio, P. L., and I. di Cocco (Eds), Pesaro Romana: archeologia e urbanistica (by N. Christie), 286-287

Davies, J. P., Rome’s Religious History. Livy, Tacitus and Ammianus on their Gods (by A. Nice), 248-249

De Blois, L., P. Erdkamp, O. Hekster, G. De Kleijn and S. Mols, The Representation and Perception of Roman Imperial Power. Proceedings of the Third Workshop of the International Network Impact of Empire (Roman Empire, c. 200 B.C.–A.D. 476). Netherlands Institute in Rome March 20–23, 2002 (by D. Potter), 226-227

Demandt, A., A. Goltz and H. Schlange-Schöningen (Eds), Diokletian und die Tetrarchie: Aspekte einer Zeitenwende (by W. Leadbetter), 310-312

De Sena, E. C., and H. Dessales (Eds), Metodi e approcci archeologici: l’industria e il commercio nell’Italia antica. Archaeological Methods and Approaches: Industry and Commerce in Ancient Italy (by E. Herring), 291-293

Digeser, E. D., The Making of a Christian Empire: Lactantius and Rome (by O. Nicholson), 307-309

Dox, D., The Idea of the Theater in Latin Christian Thought: Augustine to the Fourteenth Century (by I. Gildenhard), 272-273

Dugan, J., Making a New Man: Ciceronian Self-fashioning in the Rhetorical Works (by E. Gunderson), 246-248

Eck, W., Köln in römischer Zeit. Geschichte einer Stadt im Rahmen des Imperium Romanum (by K. Brodersen), 231-232

Ellis, L., and F. L. Kidner (Eds), Travel, Communication and Geography in Late Antiquity: Sacred and Profane (by L. Grig), 301-302

Erasmo, M., Roman Tragedy: Theatre to Theatricality (by I. Gildenhard), 272-273

Forsythe, G., A Critical History of Early Rome from Prehistory to the First Punic War (by C. Smith), 222-224

Freudenburg, K. (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Roman Satire (by C. Keane), 265-267

Fulminante, F., Le‘sepolture principesche’ nel Latium Vetus tra la fine della prima éta del ferro e l’inizio dell’éta orientalizzante (by C. Smith), 281-282

Gale, M. (Ed.), Latin Epic and Didactic Poetry: Genre, Tradition and Individuality (by H. Lovatt), 255-257

Gärtner, U., Quintus Smyrnaeus und die Aeneis: zur Nachwirkung Vergils in der griechischen Literatur der Kaiserzeit (by H. Lovatt), 255-257

Ghedini, F., I. Colpo and M. Novello, Le Immagini di Filostrato Minore: la prospettiva della storico dell’arte (by J. Elsner), 293

Goff, B. (Ed.), Classics and Colonialism (by M. Bradley), 213-214

Grainger, J. D., The Roman War of Antiochos the Great (by J. B. Scholten), 219-221

Green, S. J., Ovid, Fasti I: a Commentary (by D. O’Rourke), 254-255

Grig, L., Making Martyrs in Late Antiquity (by K. Cooper), 300-301

Guillaumin, J.-Y., and S. Ratti (Eds), Autour de Lactance: Hommages à Pierre Monat (by O. Nicholson), 307-309

Habinek, T., The World of Roman Song: from Ritualized Speech to Social Order (by D. Feeney and J. T. Katz), 240-242

Hall, L. J., Roman Berytus: Beirut in Late Antiquity (by S. K. Ross), 312-314

Harrison, S., M. Paschalis and S. Frangoulidis (Eds), Metaphor and the Ancient Novel (by J. König), 267-268

Heiken, G., R. Funiciello and D. de Rita, The Seven Hills of Rome: a Geological Tour of the Eternal City (by M. Anderson), 279-281

Hellerman, J. H., Reconstructing Honor in Roman Philippi: Carmen Christi as Cursus Pudorum (by P. Oakes), 314-315

Hingley, R., Globalizing Roman Culture: Unity, Diversity and Empire (by J. R. W. Prag), 214-216

Hölscher, T., The Language of Images in Roman Art (by Z. Newby), 274-275

I Piceni e l’Italia medio-Adriatica. Atti del XXII convegno di studi etruschi ed italici, Ascoli Piceno, Teramo, Celano, Ancona, 9–13 Aprile 2000 (by M. Pretzler), 290-291

Jensson, G., The Recollections of Encolpius: the Satyrica of Petronius as Milesian Fiction (by M. O’Brien), 270-272

Kaster, R. A., Emotion, Restraint and Community in Ancient Rome (by D. Konstan), 234-236

Kelly, C., Ruling the Later Roman Empire (by S. Tougher), 296-297

König, J., Athletics and Literature in the Roman Empire (by M. Gleason), 216-218

Lendon, J. E., Soldiers and Ghosts: a History of Battle in Classical Antiquity (by J. Serrati), 218-219

Lovatt, H., Statius and Epic Games: Sport, Politics and Poetics in the Thebaid (by J. R. Dunkle), 257-258

MacMahon, A., and J. Price (Eds), Roman Working Lives and Urban Living (by A. Gardner), 233-234

Mattusch, C. C., and H. Lie, The Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum: Life and Afterlife of a Sculpture Collection (by G. Davies), 294-295

Mirkovic, A., Prelude to Constantine: the Abgar Tradition in Early Christianity (by A. S. Jacobs), 305-306

Most, G. W., Doubting Thomas (by W. E. S. North), 298-300

Nappa, C., Reading after Actium: Vergil’s Georgics, Octavian, and Rome (by K. Volk), 252-253

Nordiguian, L., Temples de l’époque romaine au Liban (by K. Butcher), 295-296

O’Donnell, J., Augustine: Sinner and Saint, A New Biography (by G. Clark), 304-305

Ostman, R., The City and Complexity: Volterra, Italy. Pottery Production during the Hellenistic Etruscan Period and the Late Roman to Late Antique Period (by R. E. Roth), 287-288

Paolucci, G., Documenti e memorie sulle antichità e il museo di Chiusi (by C. Roth-Murray), 282-284

Papini, M., Antichi volti della repubblica. La ritrattistica in Italia Centrale tra IV e II secolo a.C. (by L. A. Hughes), 278-279

Peachin, M., Frontinus and the Curae of the Curator Aquarum (by A. König), 262-265

Perry, E., The Aesthetics of Emulation in the Visual Arts of Ancient Rome (by P. Stewart), 275-276

Pieroni, P., Marcus Verrius Flaccus’ De Significatu Verborum in den Auszügen von Sextus Pompeius Festus und Paulus Diaconus (by F. Glinister), 251-252

Powell, J. G. F., and J. A. North (Eds), Cicero’s Republic (by M. Fox), 243-244

Rebenich, S., Jerome (by D. Hunt), 302-303

Reydams-Schils, G., The Roman Stoics: Self, Responsibility and Affection (by C. Gill), 237-238

Rodgers, R. H., Frontinus: De Aquaeductu Urbis Romae (by A. König), 262-265

Schenkeveld, D. M., A Rhetorical Grammar: C. Julius Romanus, Introduction to the Liber de Adverbio, as Incorporated in Charisius’ Ars Grammatica II.13 (by A. Wouters), 250

Stamper, J. W., The Architecture of Roman Temples (by L. F. Ball), 276-278

Stauner, K., Das offizielle Schriftwesen des römischen Heeres von Augustus bis Gallienus (27 v. Chr.–268 n. Chr.): eine Untersuchung zu Struktur, Funktion und Bedeutung der offiziellen militärischen Verwaltungsdokumentation und zu deren Schreibern (by S. E. Phang), 222

Steel, C., Reading Cicero: Genre and Performance in Late Republican Rome (by R. Morstein-Marx), 245-246

Stenhouse, W., Ancient Inscriptions (by B. Harvey), 238-240

Sternini, M., La Romanizzazione della Sabina Tiberina (by R. Witcher), 284-285

Urbainczyk, T., Spartacus (by I. Harrison), 228-230

Van der Meer, L. B., Myths and More on Etruscan Stone Sarcophagi (c. 350–c. 200 b.c.) (by A. A. Carpino), 285-286

Verboven, K., The Economy of Friends. Economic Aspects of Amicitia and Patronage in the Late Republic (by R. Covino), 236-237

Williams, C. A., Martial, Epigrams Book Two. Edited with Introduction, Translation and Commentary (by C. Henriksén), 258-261

Williamson, C., The Laws of the Roman People: Public Law in the Expansion and Decline of the Roman Republic (by A. Lintott), 224-226

Zimmerman, M., S. Panayotakis, V. C. Hunink, W. H. Keulen, S. J. Harrison, Th. D. McCreight, B. Wesseling and D. van Mal-Maeder (Eds), Apuleius Madaurensis. Metamorphoses Books IV 28–35, V and VI 1–24. The Tale of Cupid and Psyche. Text, Introduction and Commentary (by M. O’Brien), 269-270

 


JRS 2006 ABSTRACTS

 

 

W. V. Harris:  A Revisionist View of Roman Money

 

The consensus view that all Roman money consisted of coins has been undermined in recent times and should be discarded. The inhabitants of the Roman Empire frequently and on a significant scale made payments by means of credit-money, creating a ‘multiplier effect’, which meant that in high classical times the Roman economy was not constricted, as is often supposed, by an inelastic money-supply. Yet the monetary system was not modern; rather it had its counterparts in such economies as those of seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Britain.

 

 

Philip Hardie:  Virgil’s Ptolemaic Relations

 

An allusive plot of an incestuous brother-sister marriage runs through Virgil’s story of Dido and Aeneas, signalled both by imagery comparing Dido and Aeneas to Diana and Apollo, moon and sun, and by allusion to Callimachean poems celebrating actual brother-sister marriages at the Ptolemaic court. Aeneas’ departure from Carthage marks the relegation to the past of Alexandrian temptations and a journey to a future foundation based on exogamy, although Italy itself is not free from the dangers of incest and fratricide. Ovid’s explicit tales of incest comment on Virgil’s allusive narrative.

 

 

Harry M. Hine:  Rome, the Cosmos, and the Emperor in Seneca’s Natural Questions

 

This paper examines the political content and context of Seneca’s Natural Questions. It argues that, on the one hand, Rome is marginalized in the context of the immensity of the cosmos; and philosophy is elevated above traditional Roman pursuits, including political activity and historical writing. But at the same time the work is firmly anchored in its Roman geo-political context; Seneca situates himself in a long and continuing tradition of investigation of the natural world, where Roman writers can stand alongside Greeks and others; and the current emperor Nero is presented not just as princeps and poet, but as sponsor of geographical and scientific investigation.

 

 

Stanley E. Hoffer: Divine Comedy? Accession Propaganda in Pliny, Epistles 10.1–2 and the Panegyric

 

This article investigates the use, in Pliny’s official writings of imperial praise, of the theme of ‘divine comedy’ – the idea that everything is for the best in the imperial world under the ideal emperor. An examination of this prominent theme can help us understand how Pliny handled the inevitable tensions in an imperial ideology which was grounded in the opposing figures of the ‘good’ emperor who deserved deification, and the ‘bad’ emperor who deserved tyrannicide.

 

 

Robert Witcher:  Settlement and Society in Early Imperial Etruria

 

This paper compares the early imperial period results from thirty surveys in and around regio VII Etruria in order to identify similarities and differences of settlement, population, and economy. Three sub-regional patterns are defined: the suburbium, coastal Etruria, and inland Etruria. Consideration of methodological issues of survey comparison suggests the problem is real, but not insuperable. A range of interpretative models is discussed with particular reference to the impact of the Urbs on economic, agricultural, and social developments. The structural connections between these sub-regions are emphasized, particularly the organization of labour, demography, and agricultural strategies. The results reveal varied responses to Roman control, leading to more not less diversity. More generally, the results underline the value of comparing regional survey data.

 

 

G. D. Williams:  Greco-Roman Seismology and Seneca on Earthquakes in Natural Questions 6

 

This paper seeks to locate Seneca’s treatment of earthquakes in Natural Questions 6 in the broader ancient seismological tradition; and, more particularly, to examine the initiatives which potentially transform his treatment into a highly original mode of literary-philosophical investigation not just into the cause of earthquakes, but also of how a ‘scientific’ understanding of them can at least partially quell the intimidating effect of such wonders of nature. On this approach Natural Questions 6 is perhaps concerned not so much with earthquakes per se but with shaping attitudes towards the natural world as a whole, inculcating in us a vision of such phenomena as but ‘normal’ aspects of cosmic functioning. By this method the book promotes within us a different, engagingly Senecan appreciation of cosmic integrity.

 

 

Francisco Beltrán Lloris:  An Irrigation Decree from Roman Spain: the Lex Rivi Hiberiensis

 

The article presents an edition of and commentary on a Latin bronze inscription (152 lines long) from the time of Hadrian, found at Agón, near Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza), in ancient Hispania Citerior. The inscription contains a set of regulations (lex riui Hiberiensis) governing an irrigation community consisting of rural districts (pagi) from two different cities (Caesaraugusta and Cascantum) which shared a canal, the riuus Hiberiensis. The lex was produced in accordance with an agreement of the pagani after the intervention of the provincial governor [--- Fun]ndanus Augustanus Alpinus. It provides information about the pagus institutions (magistri pagi, concilium, curatores, publicani?) as well as procedural aspects such as iusiurandum, uadimonium, and judicial formulae.