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Britannia Monographs

Britannia Monographs - ISSN 0953-542X

To order any of the volumes below, please contact Oxbow Books.

No. 5. Michael Fulford, Silchester: Excavations on the Defences 1974-80

A chronological and thematic description of the excavation of parts of the Calleva defences, .followed by descriptions of the finds and specialist reports by various contributors, in particular that by Michael Fulford himself on the Roman pottery. The third part analyses the long-term field survey work and the aerial photographs of settlement around Silchester. (For further Silchester volumes see below under nos. 10 & 15.)

1984. 301 pp., 91 figs. Paperback. ISBN 0 907764 03 7.
Oxbow price: £8

 

No. 8. G. B. Dannell and J. P. Wild, Longthorpe II: the Military Works Depot: an Episode in Landscape History

This volume describes the pottery-making depot attached to the pre-Flavian vexillation fortress of Longthorpe near Peterborough and and throws light on the problems of supply of the Roman army during the conquest campaigns.

1987. 206 pp., 75 illus. Paperback. ISBN 0 907764 08 8.
Publishers price: £15.75
Oxbow price: £5.00

No. 9. S. S. Frere and J. J. Wilkes, Strageath: Excavations within the Roman Fort, 1973-86

This volume describes the exploration of three successive forts at Strageath, Scotland, and makes important contributions to the study of the Roman North and to Roman military archaeology.

1989. 360 pp., 134 figs, 40 pls. Paperback. ISBN 0 907764 11 8.
Publishers price: £26
Oxbow price: £10

No. 16, Edith Evans et al., The Caerleon Canabae: Excavations in the Civil Settlement

This volume represents the first detailed publication of the civil settlement outside the legionary fortress at Caerleon. Extensive excavations uncovered 22 buildings in a range of construction types, from `cottages' to strip buildings and larger buildings. Some were probably connected with small-scale agriculture on reclaimed marshland, and others had evidence for craft activity, particularly iron-smelting. Waterlogging of the lowest levels preserved environmental evidence for the earlier phases. Vast quantities of artefacts were recovered. Of particular interest are the assemblages of lead and copper alloy objects and ceramic figurines.

2000. 537 pp., 125 figs, 33 pls. Paperback. ISBN 0 907764 25 8.
Oxbow price: £15

No. 18, P. Leach et al. Fosse Lane: Excavations of a Romano-British Roadside Settlement at Shepton Mallet, Somerset

In 1990 rescue excavations by the University of Birmingham, funded jointly by Showerings Ltd and English Heritage, revealed over 2 ha. of a Romano-British roadside settlement beside the Fosse Way in Somerset. Located on the outskirts of Shepton Mallet, little more than a settlement locality and a pottery manufacturing site were known previously. Fosse Lane can now, however, take its place among the better known of the smaller towns and roadside settlements of Roman Britain. The excavations revealed evidence for a typical, agricultural and minor industrial centre, developing from the end of the 1st century AD and with its floruit in the 4th. Streets, plot layouts, plans of both timber-frame and stone buildings, and several small cemeteries were revealed. These last indicate some continuity of use into the 6th century, and the possibility of one Christian burial group.

2001.  348 pp, 81 figs, 24 pls. Paperback. ISBN 0 907764 27 4. 
Publishers price: £47
Oxbow price: £15

 

No. 20, Heather James, Excavations in Roman Carmarthen 1973-1993

This is the first detailed publication on Roman Carmarthen, Moridunum, tribal capital of the Demetae of West Wales. The numerous illustrations include splendid reconstruction drawings by Neil Ludlow. The volume covers seven excavations carried out by the Dyfed Archaeological Trust between 1978 and 1993. Small rescue excavations located the Roman auxiliary fort west of the later town. The largest site at Priory Street encompassed the intersection of two Roman streets, flanked by a sequence of buildings (early second to late fourth century) with evidence of smithing and baking. Important evidence was produced on the processes of laying out a Roman town. Other sites explored the town defences, whose entire circuit is known through watching briefs and topographical analysis. A substantial building, possibly a mansio, on the south side of the town was also sampled. The finds assemblages are valuable for comparison with other towns and especially in the context of the supposedly lightly romanised hinterland.

January 2004. 416 pp., 140 figs, 23 pls. Paperback. ISBN 0 907764 30 4.
Oxbow price: £20

 

No. 21, Hilary E.M. Cool, The Roman Cemetery at Brougham, Cumbria: Excavations 1966-67

The rescue excavations at Brougham uncovered the largest cemetery associated with a fort in the north yet dug. They revealed a third century cemetery where not only the soldiers, but also their wives and children were cremated and buried. The dead were provided with expensive pyre goods, such as elaborately decorated biers, jewellery, military equipment, household items and a wide range of animal offerings including horses. Their remains were generally deposited with pottery vessels including a large number in samian and Rhenish colour-coated wares. It has been possible to show that all parts of the funerary ritual was strongly structured by the age and sex of the deceased. There is good evidence that the unit was originally from the Danubian frontier.

The volume includes detailed specialist reports on all aspects of the finds and funerary rituals. A database of the results is included on a CD to facilitate further analysis.

July 2004, 542 pp., incl. 349 illus. and CD-Rom.  Paperback. ISBN 0 907764 31 2.
Oxbow price: £68

 

No. 22,   Michael Fulford,  Amanda Clarke and Hella Eckardt, Life and Labour in Late Roman Silchester: Excavations in Insula IX since 1997

The Society of Antiquaries’ excavation of Silchester’s Insula IX in 1893-4 left most of the stratigraphy undisturbed. A new programme of work has shown that the Insula underwent radical change, c. AD 250/300, with the construction of new workshop and residential buildings on the orientation of the Roman street-grid, following the demolition of mid-Roman buildings arranged on different, pre- and early Roman alignments. The plans of several properties and individual buildings were recovered, and analysis of the rich range of artefactual and biological data has allowed a detailed and differentiated characterisation of the life and occupations of the inhabitants in the 4th century. The context of the 5th century ogham-inscribed stone is explored and the history of the insula is followed into the 5th/6th century.

2006, 404 pp., incl. 125 illus. Paperback. ISBN 0 907764 33 9 & 978 0 907764 33 5.
Oxbow price: £25.00

 

No. 23, W.S. Hanson with K. Speller, P.A. Yeoman and J. Terry, Elginhaugh: A Flavian Fort and its Annexe

Elginhaugh is the most completely excavated timber-built auxiliary fort in the Roman Empire.  This report provides an assessment of all the structures, with particular emphasis on the identification of stable-barracks and the implications for the identification of garrisons based on fort plans, while extensive examination of the annexe makes a substantial contribution to the debate about the function of these attached enclosures. Because the occupation is so closely dated (A.D. 79–87), the site provides a very precise dating horizon for the wide range of artefactual material reported on.  Of particular importance is the evidence for the local manufacture of coarseware and mortaria, including the identification of a new mortarium potter. An extensive programme of environmental analysis provides insight into issues of local environment and food supply.  Finally, there is unique evidence that the site continued to function as a collection centre for animals after the garrison had departed.

November 2007, 2 vols. (c. 672 pages including 164 line-drawings and 58 plates). Paperback. ISBN 978 0 907764 34 2. 
Oxbow price: £58

 

No. 24, Philip Crummy, Stephen Benfield, Nina Crummy, Valery Rigby and Donald Shimmin, Stanway: an Elite Burial Site at Camulodunum

Excavations between 1987 and 2003 on the fringes of the site of Camulodunum at Colchester revealed an extraordinary funerary site with a Middle Iron Age antecedent. The earliest of the five enclosures that defined the site was an Iron Age farmstead, abandoned by the mid-first century BC. Important finds from this period include an assemblage of Middle Iron Age pottery and two currency bars. The other four enclosures were the burial place of members of an élite Catuvellaunian family, including a ‘Warrior’ and a ‘Doctor’. A wide range of grave goods were recovered, both imported and of native manufacture. They include a set of surgical instruments, ceramic table services, wine amphorae, fine glassware and metal vessels, dress accessories, textiles, weaponry and several gaming boards, one with the pieces in position as if in play. A metal strainer bowl in the Doctor's burial had last been used to make a tea containing artemisia. The burial rite had included feasting and the breaking of the vessels used for the meals. The characteristics of the enclosures and the funerary rites are linked with the Folly Lane and King Harry Lane sites in Verulamium, and with sites in northern Gaul.

December 2007, c. 480 pp. incl. 150 line drawings and 30 black & white plates. Paperback. ISBN 978 0 907764 35 9. 
Oxbow price: £46

No. 25, Michael Fulford and Amanda Clarke, Silchester: city in Transition. The Mid-Roman occupation of insula IX c. A.D. 125-250/300. A report on excavations undertaken since 1997.

Characterising urban life, City in Transition is the second volume reporting on the archaeology of the continuing excavation of Silchester Insula IX, taking the story down to the early second century. In describing the evidence for the occupation of the second and third centuries it follows on from Life and Labour in Late Roman Silchester (2006), which published the late Roman occupation. Geochemical and micromorphological analyses inform the interpretation of the use of space within buildings and, together with the study of an abundant material culture and environmental record, provide a rich characterisation of the houses and their occupants. The report sheds important light on the urban condition, debating such themes as population density, status, occupation, diet and domestic ritual.

2011, 544pp; 150 illus. (b&w and colour). ISBN 978 0 907764373
Oxbow price: £75.00.

No. 26, Emma Durham and Michael Fulford, A Late Roman Town House and its Environs. The Excavations of C.D. Drew and K.C. Conningwod Selby in Colliton Park, Dorchester, Dorset 1937-8

This report publishes the 1937-8 excavations in Colliton Park, Dorchester, Dorset, which revealed one of the best preserved late Roman town houses so far discovered in Roman Britain. Extensively decorated with mosaics, the building has recently been re-displayed in a new cover building by Dorset County Council.

2014, 436pp; 214 figs (some colour). ISBN 978 0 907764397
Oxbow price: £36.00.

No. 27, Michael Fulford and Neil Holbrook, edited, The Towns of Roman Britain. The contribution of commercial archaeology since 1990

This volume presents an assessment of the contribution that developer-funded archaeology has made to knowledge of the major towns of Roman Britain. It contains papers on the legislative and planning framework; case studies (London and York); regional reviews (towns of the South-East, South-West and the Midlands and North); and thematic national reviews of funerary and burial evidence, faunal remains and plant evidence. The volume concludes with a review by Fulford of the overall contribution of development-led work to our understanding of Romano-British urbanism.

2015, 232pp; 58 illustrations (incl. colour). ISBN 978 0 907764410
Oxbow price: £28.00.

No. 28, John Creighton with Robert Fry, edited, Silchester: Changing Visions of a Roman Town - Integrating Geophysics and Archaeology - The Results of the Silchester Mapping Project 2005 - 2010

This volume draws together for the first time all the fieldwork known to have taken place at Silchester from the earliest located trenches in the 1720s up until the modern campaigns of Fulford. It integrates this work with a new geophysical survey of 217ha to provide a new overarching narrative for the town. The volume starts with a historiography of work on the city from the earliest antiquarian investigations. This sense of changing interpretations of the site permeates all the later discussion, showing how new discoveries have transformed understandings. The core of the volume contains the empirical data, mapping the past excavations alongside evidence from aerial photography, fieldwalking, LiDAR and geophysics. The final sections provide essays in interpretation, with thematic reviews of: the defences; the development of the oppidum; the military connection; the mortuary landscape; trade and industry; and public entertainment. Finally a narrative overview examines how the town’s remains have been interpreted within an historical setting.

2016, 486pp; 58 illus (incl. colour), 1 fold-out. ISBN  9780907764427
Oxbow price: £55.00 (pre-publication offer £52.00)

No. 29, Alexander Smith, Martyn Allen, Tom Brindle and Michael Fulford, edited, New Visions of the Countryside of Roman Britain - Volume 1: The Rural Settlement of Roman Britain

It has often been stated that Roman Britain was quintessentially a rural society, with the vast majority of the population living and working in the countryside. Yet there was clearly a large degree of regional variation, and with the huge mass of new data produced since the onset of developer-funded archaeology in 1990, the incredible diversity of Roman rural settlement across the landscape can now be demonstrated. A new regional framework for the study of rural Roman Britain is proposed, in which a rich characterisation has been developed of the mosaic of communities that inhabited the province and the way that they changed over time. Centre stage is the farmstead, rather than the villa, which has for so long dominated discourse in the study of Roman Britain; variations in farmstead type, building form and associated landscape context are all explored in order to breathe new life into our understanding of the Romano-British countryside.   

2016, (c.) xviii + 464pp, 400 illus (colour). ISBN 978 0 907764 43 4
Oxbow price: £ 40.00 (£38 pre-publication offer).

No. 1, Roman Mosaics in Britain; 2. Skeleton Green: a Late Iron Age and Romano-British Site; 3, Wall-Painting in Roman Britain; 4, Vindolanda: the Latin Writing-Tablets; 6, Inchtuthil: the Roman Legionary Fortress - Excavations 1952-65; 7. Baldock: the Excavation of a Roman and pre-Roman Settlement, 1968-72; 10, The Silchester Amphitheatre: Excavations of 1979-85; 11, Research on Roman Britain: 1960-89; 12, Leucarum: Excavations at the Roman Auxiliary Fort at Loughor, West Glamorgan 1982-4 and 1987-8; 13, Roman Inscribed and Sculptured Stones in the Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow;14, The Excavation of a Ceremonial Site at Folly Lane, Verulamium, 15, Late Iron Age and Roman Silchester: Excavations on the Site of the Forum-Basilica, 17 Cannington Cemetery and 19, The Romano-British 'Small Town' at Wanborough, Wiltshire: Excavations 1966-1976, are out of print.